The Early Years
“Growing up in southern New Jersey, Springsteen turned to rock & roll as a teenager and played in a series of bands from the mid-'60s on, varying in style from garage rock to power trio blues-rock. By the early '70s, he was trying his hand at being a folky singer/songwriter in Greenwich Village. But when he was signed to Columbia Records in 1972, he brought into the studio many of the New Jersey-based musicians with whom he'd played over the years.” WR
“The result was Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J.…, which went unnoticed upon initial release, though Manfred Mann's Earth Band would turn its leadoff track, Blinded by the Light, into a number one hit four years later. The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle…also failed to sell despite some rave reviews. (Both albums have since gone platinum).” WR
Born to Run (1975)
“The following year, Springsteen revised his backup group — dubbed the E Street Band — settling on a lineup that included saxophone player Clarence Clemons, second guitarist ‘Miami’ Steve Van Zandt, organist Danny Federici, pianist Roy Bittan, bassist Garry Tallent, and drummer Max Weinberg. With this unit he barnstormed the country while working on his third and last chance with Columbia. By the time Born to Run…was released, the critics and a significant cult audience were with him, and the title song became a Top 40 hit while the album reached the Top Ten.” WR
“Critics hailed him as the savior of rock & roll, the single artist who brought together all the exuberance of '50s rock and the thoughtfulness of '60s rock, molded into a '70s style. He rocked as hard as Jerry Lee Lewis, his lyrics were as complicated as Bob Dylan's, and his concerts were near-religious celebrations of all that was best in music. One critic became so enamored that he quit reviewing to become Springsteen’s manager.” WR
“What Springsteen needed to do in the wake of the hype, of course, was to play and record more to consolidate his position. He was prevented at least from the latter by a former manager, who kept him in court during the next couple of years. Meanwhile, the musical world changed. Part of the reason critics had welcomed Springsteen so enthusiastically in 1975 was that he seemed a return to basic rock & roll values in a world of soft rock, heavy metal, and art rock.” WR
The Promise (1976-1978)
With all the expectations thrust upon him from the huge success of Born to Run – and a lawsuit that locked him out of the studio for several years – Springsteen retreated to write and craft enough music for four album’s worth of material. While some of that would surface on his next album, a large chunk sat in the vaults for years. In 2010, a double album collection of material recorded during that era was finally released, showing how brilliant even the material that hadn’t seen the light of day was.
From Darkness to Nebraska (1978-1982)
“By the time Springsteen returned with his fourth album, Darkness on the Edge of Town…, however, the punk/new wave movement had outflanked him, pushing him from the vanguard to the mainstream. Similar sounding heartland rockers such as Bob Seger had appeared, so that Springsteen sounded less like an innovator than a member of an established genre.” WR
“Nevertheless, he set about winning fans with an album that found the lost children of his early albums stuck in factory jobs, still longing for some escape. The album was a hit, though it did not match the success of Born to Run. Springsteen returned with the double album The River (October 1980), which topped the charts and featured his first Top Ten hit, Hungry Heart.” WR
“Springsteen retreated from his expanding success, next recording the low-key album Nebraska (September 1982), a virtual demo tape on vinyl. (Springsteen did not tour to promote the album, and in the interim E Street Band guitarist Van Zandt amicably left the group for a solo career, to be replaced by Nils Lofgren).” WR
“But then came Born in the U.S.A. (June 1984) and a two-year international tour. The album threw off seven hit singles and sold over ten million copies, putting Springsteen in the pop heavens with Michael Jackson and Prince. After touring for more than a year, he released a five-LP/three-CD concert album, Live/1975-85 (November 1986), which topped the charts.” WR
Without the E Street Band (1987-1995)
“Characteristically, Springsteen returned with a more introverted effort, Tunnel of Love (October 1987), which presaged his divorce from his first wife. (He married a second time to singer Patti Scialfa, who had joined the E Street Band).” WR
“After another marathon tour, Springsteen gave the E Street Band notice in November 1989, breaking up a celebrated unit who had stayed together 15 years. In March 1992, he simultaneously released Human Touch and Lucky Town, and though the albums premiered near the top of the charts, they were less successful with fans than previous efforts.” WR
“Springsteen continued to tour until July 1993. In the fall, he wrote and recorded Streets of Philadelphia for the soundtrack to the film Philadelphia, which concerned a lawyer dying of AIDS. The song became a Top Ten hit in 1994, winning the Academy Award for Best Song and cleaning up at the Grammys the following year.” WR
“1995’s The Ghost of Tom Joad was a “low-key, downcast, near-acoustic effort” WR that followed in the vein of 1982’s Nebraska.
E Street Band Reunites (1995-2000)
At the same time, Springsteen had readied his Greatest Hits album (February 1995), reassembling the E Street Band to record a few new tracks” (Ruhlmann). “In 1999, shortly after his induction into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, Springsteen reunited with the E Street Band (including both Lofgren and Van Zandt on guitars) and embarked on a world tour that lasted until mid-2000.” WR
Back on Top (2002-2009)
Springsteen and the E Street Band finally returned in triumphant fashion with their first recording effort together “since Born in the U.S.A..” WR The album, The Rising, tapped into the emotions of post-9/11 America and was nominated for a Grammy for Album of the Year.
In 2005, Springsteen would do another solo project with 2005’s Devils & Dust, yet another return to the stripped-down sound of Nebraska. Then in 2006, “he released the first covers album of his career, a tribute to the songs of Pete Seeger titled We Shall Overcome: The Seeger Sessions.” WR
The group would return five years later with 2007’s Magic and again in 2009 with the album Working on a Dream.