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portrait of Antonio Vivaldi

Composed: 1725

Rating: 4.365 (average of 2 ratings)

Genre: classical > concerto > violin

Quotable: “a cycle of the most popular works ever written” – Aaron Rabushka, All Music Guide

Work(s): *

  1. Violin Concerto, for violin, strings & continuo in E major ("La Primavera," The Four Seasons; "Il cimento" No. 1), Op.8/1, RV 269 [10:10]
  2. Violin Concerto, for violin, strings & continuo in G minor ("L'estate," The Four Seasons; "Il cimento" No. 2), Op. 8/2, RV 315 [10:30]
  3. Violin Concerto, for violin, strings & continuo in F major ("L'autunno," The Four Seasons; "Il cimento" No. 3), Op.8/3, RV 293 [11:20]
  4. Violin Concerto, for violin, strings & continuo in F minor ("L'inverno," The Four Seasons; "Il cimento" No. 4), Op. 8/4, RV 297 [8:50]
* Number in [ ] indicates average duration of piece.

Sales: - NA -

Peak: - NA -

Singles/ Hit Songs: - NA -


Rated one of the top 1000 albums of all time by Dave’s Music Database. Click to learn more.

The Four Seasons
Antonio Vivaldi (composer)
“This concerto comprises…a cycle of the most popular works ever written. The pictorially illustrative use of virtuoso violin writing and lively orchestral effects has imbued ‘The Four Seasons’ with an undimming freshness and propelled it to undiminished popularity” (Rabushka 1).

La Primavera (Spring):
“The outer movements of the ‘Spring’ concerto are cast more or less in the traditional ritronello form that was the standard for baroque solo concerti. The opening Allegro gets off to a cheerful start, and subsequent episodes include depictions of bird calls, flowing brooks, rain and thunder. The Largo that follows projects three images at once: a sleeping goatherd (solo violin), rustling leaves (muted violins in the orchestra), and a barking dog (violas). The concluding Allegro returns to the cheery atmosphere of the beginning, rejoicing in the mellow merriment and security of a jaunting shepherds’ dance” (Rabushka 1).

L’estate (Summer):
“The first movement of the ‘Summer’ concerto is orthodox in form, somewhat less so in feeling. It begins with a tutti that represents summery langour and stickiness from the heat. The solo violin speeds things up as it imitates the sounds of a turtle dove and a goldfinch as a cello accompanies with the sounds of a cuckoo. The opening tutti returns, and the stuffiness of summer winds slow and fast is projected in the subsequent solo passages. Some of the solos contrast strikingly in meter and texture with the tutti. The adagio second movement alternates slightly melancholy phrases from the violin with resolute repeated-note phrases from the orchestra that depict the swarming of summer insects. In the final Presto a summer rainstorm breaks loose, with furious repeated notes, scales and eventually fingered tremolos from the orchestral violins leading the way” (Rabushka 2).

L’autunno (Autumn):
“The ‘Autumn’ concerto’s opening Allegro begins with a jubilant celebration of a harvest. Peasant dancing proceeds with full and abandoned happiness to a joyful foot-stomping (grape-stomping?) beat, and a few drunkards make themselves heard along the way. The subsequent adagio molto, which contains no solo passages, depicts sleeping drunkards in a mostly non-melodic stupor. The autumn rejoicing concludes in the final allegro, where we hear the sounds of a exhilirating hunt. Again the rhythm is unequivocally extroverted, and the sounds of horns (handily implied by the solo violin) and dogs (grumbling in the the low register of the orchestral violins) are unmistakable” (Rabushka 3).

L’inverno (Winter):
“The opening Allegro non molto of the ‘Winter’ concerto begins with repeated staccato chords vividly projecting the feel of wintertime chill. Several virtuoso passages for the violin represent the incisive winter winds, and a tutti rich in rapid repeated notes depicts people running and stamping their feet to ward off the cold. The subsequent Largo depicts winter raindrops with pizzicati in the orchestra over which the soloist spins a gorgeous singing theme representing those viewing the rain and ice from inside a warm home. The concluding Allegro opens with a depiction of precarious walking on ice, followed by the blasting of winter winds. Near the end there is a contrastingly mild tutti before some furious scalar passages and repeated notes take us out with a full blast of winter cold” (Rabushka 4).

Review Source(s):

Last updated May 29, 2008.