“Nominally, the Police were punk rock, but that’s only in the loosest sense of the term. The trio’s nervous, reggae-injected pop/rock was punky, but it wasn’t necessarily punk. All three members were considerably more technically proficient than the average punk or new wave band. Andy Summers had a precise guitar attack that created dense, interlocking waves of sounds and effects. Stewart Copeland could play polyrhythms effortlessly. And Sting, with his high, keening voice, was capable of constructing infectiously catchy pop songs. While they weren’t punk, the Police certainly demonstrated that the punk spirit could have a future in pop music. As their career progressed, the Police grew considerably more adventurous, experimenting with jazz and various world musics. All the while, the band’s tight delivery and mastery of the pop single kept their audience increasing, and by 1983, they were the most popular rock & roll band in the world. Though they were at the height of their fame, internal tensions caused the band to splinter apart in 1984, with Sting picking up the majority of the band’s audience to become an international superstar” (Erlewine P) and “viable solo artist, one obsessed with expanding the boundaries of pop music. Sting incorporated heavy elements of jazz, classical, and worldbeat into his music, writing lyrics that were literate and self-consciously meaningful, and he was never afraid to emphasize this fact in the press. For such unabashed ambition, he was equally loved and reviled, with supporters believing that he was at the forefront of literate, intelligent rock and his critics finding his entire body of work pompous. Either way, Sting remained one of pop's biggest superstars for the first ten years of his solo career, before his record sales began to slip” (Erlewine S).
The Formation of the Police:
“Stewart Copeland and Sting…formed the Police in 1977. Prior to the band’s formation, Copeland, the son of a CIA agent, had attended college in California, before he moved to England and joined the progressive rock band Curved Air. Sting was a teacher and a ditch digger who played in jazz-rock bands, including Last Exit, on the side. The two musicians met at a local jazz club and decided to form a progressive pop band with guitarist Henri Padovani. For the first few months, the group played local London pubs. Soon, they were hired to appear as a bleached-blonde punk band in a chewing gum commercial. While the commercial provided exposure, it drew the scorn of genuine punkers. Late in 1977, the band released its first single, Fall Out, on IRS, an independent label Stewart Copeland founded with his brother Miles, who was also the manager of the Police. The single was a sizable hit for an independent release, selling about 70,000 copies” (Erlewine P).
Andy Summers and A&M
“Padovani was replaced by Andy Summers, a veteran of the British Invasion, following the release of ‘Fall Out.’ Summers had previous played with Eric Burdon’s second lineup of the Animals, the Zoot Money’s Big Roll Band, the Kevin Ayers Band, and Neil Sedaka. The Police signed with A&M by the spring of 1978, committing to a contract that gave the group a higher royalty rate in lieu of a large advance. A&M released Roxanne in the spring of 1978, but it failed to chart. The Police set out on a tour of America in the summer of 1978 without any record to support, traveling across the country in a rented van and playing with rented equipment. Released in the fall of 1978, Outlandos d’Amour began a slow climb into the British Top Ten and American Top 30. Immediately after its release, the group began a U.K. tour supporting Alberto y los Trios Paranoias and released the So Lonely single. By the spring of 1979, the re-released ‘Roxanne’ had climbed to number 12 on the U.K. charts, taking Outlandos d’Amour to number six. In the summer of 1979, Sting appeared in Quadrophenia, a British film based on the Who album of the same name; later that year, he acted in Radio On” (Erlewine P).
From Regatta to Ghost
“Preceded by the number one British single Message in a Bottle, Reggatta de Blanc (fall 1979) established the group as stars in England and Europe, topping the U.K. charts for four weeks. Following its release, Miles Copeland had the band tour several countries that rarely received concerts from foreign performers, including Thailand, India, Mexico, Greece, and Egypt” (Erlewine P).
“Zenyatta Mondatta, released in the fall of 1980, became the Police’s North American breakthrough, reaching the Top Ten in the U.S. and Canada; in England, the album spent four weeks at number one. Don’t Stand So Close to Me, the album's first single, became the group’s second number one single in the U.K.; in America, the single became their second Top Ten hit in the spring of 1981, following the number ten placing of De Do Do Do, De Da Da Da in the winter” (Erlewine P).
“By the beginning of 1981, the Police were able to sell out Madison Square Garden. Capitalizing on their success, the band returned to the studio in the summer of 1981 to record their fourth album with producer Hugh Padgham. The sessions, which were filmed for a BBC documentary hosted by Jools Holland, were completed within a couple months, and the album, Ghost in the Machine, appeared in the fall of 1981. Ghost in the Machine became an instant hit, reaching number one in the U.K. and number two in the U.S. as Every Little Thing She Does Is Magic became their biggest hit to date” (Erlewine P).
A Short Break
“Following their whirlwind success of 1980 and 1981, in which they were named the Best British Group at the first Brit Awards and won three Grammys, the band took a break in 1982. Though they played their first arena concerts and headlined the U.S. Festival, each member pursued side projects during the course of the year. Sting acted in Brimstone and Treacle, releasing a solo single, Spread a Little Happiness, from the soundtrack; the song became a British hit. Copeland scored Francis Ford Coppola’s Rumble Fish, as well as the San Francisco Ballet’s King Lear, and released an album under the name Klark Kent; he also played on several sessions for Peter Gabriel. Summers recorded an instrumental album, I Advance Masked, with Robert Fripp” (Erlewine P).
“The Police returned in the summer of 1983 with Synchronicity, which entered the U.K. charts at number one and quickly climbed to the same position in the U.S., where it would stay for 17 weeks. Synchronicity became a blockbuster success on the strength of…Every Breath You Take, [which spent] eight weeks at the top of the U.S. charts; …it spent four weeks at the top of the U.K. charts. King of Pain and Wrapped Around Your Finger [also] became hits…, sending Synchronicity to multi-platinum status in America and Britain. The Police supported the album with a blockbuster, record-breaking world tour that set precedents for tours for the remainder of the ‘80s. Once the tour was completed, the band announced they were going on ‘sabbatical’ in order to pursue outside interests” (Erlewine P).
“The Police never returned from sabbatical. During the Synchronicity tour, personal and creative tensions between the bandmembers had escalated greatly, and they had no desire to work together for a while” (Erlewine P). “Sting began work on his first solo album late in 1984, rounding up a group of jazz musicians as a supporting band. Moving from bass to guitar, he recorded his solo debut, 1985’s The Dream of the Blue Turtles, with Branford Marsalis, Kenny Kirkland, and Omar Hakim. The move wasn’t entirely unexpected, since Sting had played with jazz and progressive rock bands in his youth, but the result was considerably more mature and diverse than any Police record” (Erlewine S). With the songs “If You Love Somebody Set Them Free…and Fortress Around Your Heart reaching the American Top Ten” (Erlewine S), “the album became an international hit, establishing him as a commercial force outside of the band” (Erlewine P).
“Copeland and Summers demonstrated no inclination to follow their bandmate’s path. Copeland recorded the worldbeat exploration The Rhythmatist in 1985, and continued to compose scores for film and television; he later formed the prog rock band Animal Logic. With his solo career – which didn’t officially begin until the release of 1987’s XYZ – Summers continued his art rock and jazz fusion experiments; he also occasionally collaborated Fripp and John Etheridge” (Erlewine P).
Back Together? Uh, No
“During 1986, the Police made a few attempts to reunite, playing an Amnesty International concert and attempting to record a handful of new tracks for a greatest-hits album in the summer. As the studio session unraveled, it became apparent that Sting had no intention of giving the band his new songs to record, so the group re-recorded a couple of old songs, but even those were thrown off track after Copeland suffered a polo injury. Featuring a new version of ‘Don’t Stand So Close to Me,’ the compilation Every Breath You Take: The Singles was released for the 1986 Christmas season, becoming the group's fifth straight British number one and their fourth American Top Ten” (Erlewine P).
Sting’s Sun and Soul
“Following the aborted Police reunion [and an extensive tour documented in 1986’s Bring on the Night], Sting began working on the ambitious Nothing Like the Sun, which was dedicated to his recently deceased mother. Working from a jazz foundation, and again collaborating with Marsalis, Sting worked with a number of different musicians on the album, including Gil Evans and former Police guitarist Andy Summers. The album received generally positive reviews upon its release in late 1987, and it generated hit singles with We'll Be Together and They Dance Alone. Following its release, Sting began actively campaigning for Amnesty International and environmentalism, establishing the Rainforest Foundation, which was designed to raise awareness about preserving the Brazilian rainforest” (Erlewine S).
“Sting took several years to deliver the follow-up to Nothing Like the Sun, during which time he appeared in a failed Broadway revival of The Threepenny Opera in 1989. His father also died, which inspired 1991’s The Soul Cages, a dense, dark, and complex album. Although the album peaked at number two and spawned the Top Ten hit All This Time, the record was less successful than its predecessor” (Erlewine S).
Another False Alarm
“1992 found Summers taking the helm as musical director for Dennis Miller’s late-night show and Sting taking his vows with Trudie Styler. At the wedding, the three Policemen hopped on-stage for a very impromptu set, then, just as quickly, dismissed any rumors of an official Police reunion in the future. That same year a Greatest Hits album was released in the U.K., and in 1994 the box set Message in a Box: The Complete Recordings was released, followed in 1995 by the double album Live” (Erlewine P).
Sting Soldiers on Solo
In 1993, Sting “delivered Ten Summoner's Tales, a light, pop-oriented record that became a hit on the strength of…If I Ever Lose My Faith in You and Fields of Gold. At the end of 1993, All for Love, a song he recorded with Rod Stewart and Bryan Adams for The Three Musketeers, became a number one hit. The single confirmed that Sting’s audience had shifted from new wave/college rock fans to adult contemporary” (Erlewine S).
“Sting released Mercury Falling in the spring of 1996. Although the album debuted highly, it quickly fell down the charts, stalling at platinum sales and failing to generate a hit single. While the album failed, Sting remained a popular concert attraction, confirming his immense popularity. Brand New Day, which followed in 1999, turned his commercial fortunes around in a big way, and 2003’s Sacred Love did well also” (Erlewine S). A less successful classical experiment followed with 2006’s Songs from the Labyrinth.
“In 2003, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted…[The Police] into its pantheon. The band did reorganize enough to perform three tunes at the induction ceremony, but again, it looked as if that single show was going to be the extent of their collaboration” (Erlewine P).
“There was a brief reunion of sorts with original Police guitarist Henri Padovani, on his 2004 album A Croire Que C'Etait Pour la Vie, where Copeland and Sting appeared on one track together – but still no signs of a full-blown reunion. Sting released his autobiography, Broken Music, in 2003, and by 2006 Copeland’s documentary, Everyone Stares: The Police Inside Out, and Summers’ autobiography, One Train Later, had joined the ranks. Odd side projects and collaborations with other musicians continued, but the real Police news came in conjunction with another seemingly one-off reunion gig – this time for the 49th Annual Grammy Awards. Amid the hoopla, it was announced that the Police would indeed be embarking on a world tour, beginning on May 28, 2007, in Vancouver” (Erlewine P).